Edo Period Men's Clothing
Edo Period Woman's Clothing
| After winning the
Battle of Sekigahara, in 1600ce, Tokugawa Ieyasu
became the most powerful man in Japan. The
battle was fought between Tokugawa Ieyasu and
Ishida Mitsunari. In 1603ce, the emperor
appointed Tokugawa Ieyasu Shogun. During
his rule, the
capital was moved to Edo, or modern day Tokyo,
Japan. For the next 250 years, the
Tokugawa Shojunate ruled Japan.
During his rule, Ieyasu brought the whole country under tight control. He redistributed the land gained among his daimyo, but gave his more loyal daimyo more strategic lands. He also expected his daimyo to spend every second year in Edo. That way he could moderate his power more efficiently.
Ieyasu continued to promote foreign trade and established relations with the English and Dutch, but also enforced the suppression and persecution of Christianity from 1614ce on, and the most important philosophy was Neo-Confucianism that stressed the importance of morals, education, and hierarchical order. A strict four class system was set up with the samurai at the top, followed by merchants, artisans, and peasants. There was also a fifth class, Eta, or outcasts. So, during the Edo Period the Samurai focused not only on the Martial Arts, but also Literature, Philosophy, and the Arts (i.e., the Tea ceremony).